The correct answers are highlighted in red.


1. Latency refers to:
a- potential voltage of the system
b- a time delay between an audio device’s input and output
c- inactivity in the audio’s input signal to output ratio
d- resistance on the system


2.The speed of sound is dependent on temperature:
a- True
b- False


3. Which company is not a manufacturer of live mixing consoles?
a- Soundcraft
b- Yamaha
c- Midas
d- Lab Gruppen


4. On an equalizer, the letter “Q” refers to:
a- Bandwidth
b- Quad Frequency
c- Quartz Frequency
d- Queasy Frequency


5. A 200-Watt power amplifier is twice as loud as a 100-Watt amplifier.
a- True
b- False


6. VU stands for:
a- Vertebral Unit
b- Volume Unit
c- Vertical Unit
d- Variable Unit


7. Which of the following frequencies would sound higher in Pitch:
a- 500 Hz
b- 1,000 Hz
c- 2, 000 Hz
d- 4,000 Hz


8. Milli-, as in milli-second, refers to:
a- a millionth
b- a thousandths
c- a hundredth
d- A metric ton


9. On a mixing console, post-fader sends are typically used for:
a- FX Processors
b- IEMs
c- Compressor Insert/Send Returns
d- Noise Gate Insert/Send Returns


9. The letters “DI” in reference to an impedance matching device, is an abbreviation for?
a- Direct Injection
b- Defective Interfering
c- Document Index
d- Deterioration Index


10. Which type of audio signal has the most voltage?
a- Line level
b- Mic level
c- Instrument level
d- Speaker level


11. Which of the following is not digital audio transmission format:
b- Dante
c- AES50
e- Verona


12. Proximity effect is a characteristic inherent in what type of microphones
a- Condenser
b- Directional
c- Non-Directional
d- Vintage


13. Downstage refers to:
a- Front of stage
b- Back of stage
c- Off stage
d- Proscenium wall


14. Panning a sound refers to:
a- Spacial positioning of sound between left and right
b- Adding Hall type digital reverb effects
c- The Midi burning up
d- Steel drum performer technique


15. The “.1” in 5.1 speaker systems refers to:
a- The center channel
b- The subwoofer
c- The left rear channel
d- The right rear channel


16. When referring to acoustics, RT60 is a measure of:
a- Resistance time
b- Reactance time
c- Recording time
d- Reverb time


17. A common design for a high frequency loudspeaker is:
a- A cross-over driver
b- A full range driver
c- A compression driver
d- A wedge driver


18. On a mixer, to buss or bus a signal means to:
a- Move equalization points on a channel
b- Transport speaker level signals to noise gates, compressors, and limiters
c- Transfer the audio signal from digital hardware to analog hardware
d- Route audio signals to a common destination


19. On a mixing console PFL stands for:
a- Post Fader Listen
b- Pretty Full Level
c- Pre Fader Listen
d- Pre Filter Listen


20. Standard nominal level for professional audio equipment is:
a- +4dBu
b- -10dBv
c- +48V
d- -60dBv


21. As air temperature increases, the speed of sound also increases.
a- This statement is True
b- This statement is False


22. A loudspeaker’s voice coil is moved by what property of physics:
a- Electromagnetic Induction
b- Refraction
c- Diffusive Induction
d- Absorptive Imparting


23. A circuit wiring four 8Ω loudspeakers in parallel has a total impedance of:
a- 8Ω
b- 2Ω
c- 4Ω
d- 16Ω


24. Wiring two 8Ω monitor wedges in parallel will yield a a total impedance of:
a- 4Ω
b- 8Ω
c- 6Ω
d- 16Ω


25. A Shure SM57 has what type of polar pattern:
a- Omni Directional
b- Cardioid
c- Hyper Cardioid
d- Super Cardioid


26. The most commonly used microphone transducer type in live sound is:
a- Carbon Microphone
b- Dynamic Microphone
c- Ribbon Microphone
d- Condenser Microphone


27. A device which separates the frequency spectrum of the input signal into low, mid and high frequencies for a PA system is a:
a- Spectrum Analyzer (RTA)
b- Real Time Frequency Generator
c- Crossover
d- Compressor/Limiter


28. A common use for a 1/3rd octave graphic eq is:
a- Equalizing the bass guitar in the front of house mix
b- Providing a flat frequency response for the former isolator
c- Adjusting the overall tone of the sound system
d- Reducing the octave brightness of graphics in the LED wall


29. Horizontal & Vertical dispersion refers to:
1. Horn
2. Woofers
3. Sub-Woofers
4. Mid Range Cone Drivers


30. The famous Cleveland radio DJ Alan Freed was the man who coined the phrase:
a- “Oh, yeah!”
b- “Don’t touch that dial”
c- “Tuneage”
d- “Rock & Roll”

Where are they now? BBA alumni Stories